Ann Med 54 (1) 1952-1955 [2022-12-00; online 2022-07-13]
Based on separate protective mechanisms related to lipid metabolism, viral cell entry and inflammation, fibrate treatment might be advantageous among patients who have been taking fibrates before SARS-CoV-2 infection and continue taking them during the infection. Based on published data on hospitalized COVID-19 patients, we recommend that the clinicians should ask their patients with metabolic syndrome who are already taking fibrates to continue fibrate treatment during the COVID-19 illness. This recommendation applies to both outpatients and hospitalized patients. However, results from the ongoing randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using fenofibrate treatment for the prevention or treatment of COVID-19 have yet to prove that fenofibrate is clinically significant for this indication.KEY MESSAGESThe role of fibrates as a repurpose to treat SARS-CoV-2 is under investigation in at least three ongoing RCTs.Obesity, diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia, individually or clustered as a discrete phenotype, the metabolic syndrome, typically associate with a more severe course of COVID-19.Fibrate treatment seems to be most advantageous among patients who have been taken fibrates before SARS-CoV-2 infection and are continuing to take them during the infection.We recommend that the clinicians encourage their patients who are already taking fibrate to continue using the drug throughout the COVID-19 illness.