Transparency in Infectious Disease Research: Meta-research Survey of Specialty Journals.

Zavalis EA, Contopoulos-Ioannidis DG, Ioannidis JPA

The Journal of Infectious Diseases 228 (3) 227-234 [2023-08-11; online 2023-05-03]

Infectious diseases carry large global burdens and have implications for society at large. Therefore, reproducible, transparent research is extremely important. We evaluated transparency indicators (code and data sharing, registration, and conflict and funding disclosures) in the 5340 PubMed Central Open Access articles published in 2019 or 2021 in the 9 most cited specialty journals in infectious diseases using the text-mining R package, rtransparent. A total of 5340 articles were evaluated (1860 published in 2019 and 3480 in 2021 [of which 1828 were on coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19]). Text mining identified code sharing in 98 (2%) articles, data sharing in 498 (9%), registration in 446 (8%), conflict of interest disclosures in 4209 (79%), and funding disclosures in 4866 (91%). There were substantial differences across the 9 journals: 1%-9% for code sharing, 5%-25% for data sharing, 1%-31% for registration, 7%-100% for conflicts of interest, and 65%-100% for funding disclosures. Validation-corrected imputed estimates were 3%, 11%, 8%, 79%, and 92%, respectively. There were no major differences between articles published in 2019 and non-COVID-19 articles in 2021. In 2021, non-COVID-19 articles had more data sharing (12%) than COVID-19 articles (4%). Data sharing, code sharing, and registration are very uncommon in infectious disease specialty journals. Increased transparency is required.

Category: Social Science & Humanities

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37132475

DOI 10.1093/infdis/jiad130

Crossref 10.1093/infdis/jiad130

pii: 7150367

Publications 9.5.0