The increasing age of respiratory syncytial virus-related hospitalisation during COVID-19 pandemic in Lyon was associated with reduced hospitalisation costs.

Roy Á, Polazzi S, Ploin D, Gillet Y, Javouhey E, Lina B, VRS study group in Lyon , Myard-Dury A, Couray-Targe S, Duclos A, Casalegno J

Vaccine 41 (25) 3796-3800 [2023-06-07; online 2023-05-10]

Preventive measures applied during the COVID-19 pandemic have modified the age distribution, the clinical severity and the incidence of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) hospitalisations during the 2020/21 RSV season. The aim of the present study was to estimate the impact of these aspects on RSV-associated hospitalisations (RSVH) costs stratified by age group between pre-COVID-19 seasons and 2020/21 RSV season. We compared the incidence, the median costs, and total RSVH costs from the national health insurance perspective in children < 24 months of age during the COVID-19 period (2020/21 RSV season) with a pre-COVID-19 period (2014/17 RSV seasons). Children were born and hospitalised in the Lyon metropolitan area. RSVH costs were extracted from the French medical information system (Programme de Médicalisation des Systémes d'Information). The RSVH-incidence rate per 1000 infants aged < 3 months decreased significantly from 4.6 (95 % CI [4.1; 5.2]) to 3.1 (95 % CI [2.4; 4.0]), and increased in older infants and children up to 24 months of age during the 2020/21 RSV season. Overall, RSVH costs for RSVH cases aged below 2 years old decreased by €201,770 (31 %) during 2020/21 RSV season compared to the mean pre-COVID-19 costs. The sharp reduction in costs of RSVH in infants aged < 3 months outweighed the modest increase in costs observed in the 3-24 months age group. Therefore, conferring a temporal protection through passive immunisation to infants aged < 3 months should have a major impact on RSVH costs even if it results in an increase of RSVH in older children infected later in life. Nevertheless, stakeholders should be aware of this potential increase of RSVH in older age groups presenting with a wider range of disease to avoid any bias in estimating the cost-effectiveness of passive immunisation strategies.

Category: Public Health

Category: Social Science & Humanities

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37198017

DOI 10.1016/j.vaccine.2023.05.021

Crossref 10.1016/j.vaccine.2023.05.021

pmc: PMC10169568
pii: S0264-410X(23)00548-0

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