Use of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and an oxygen requirement to predict disease severity in patients with COVID-19.

Ozawa T, Asakura T, Chubachi S, Namkoong H, Tanaka H, Lee K, Fukushima T, Otake S, Nakagawara K, Watase M, Masaki K, Kamata H, Ishii M, Hasegawa N, Harada N, Ueda T, Ueda S, Ishiguro T, Arimura K, Saito F, Yoshiyama T, Nakano Y, Mutoh Y, Suzuki Y, Edahiro R, Murakami K, Okada Y, Koike R, Kitagawa Y, Tokunaga K, Kimura A, Imoto S, Miyano S, Ogawa S, Kanai T, Fukunaga K, Japan COVID-19 Task Force

Respir Investig 61 (4) 454-459 [2023-07-00; online 2023-04-19]

We investigated the association between complete blood count, including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in combination with patient characteristics, and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outcomes to identify the best prognostic indicator. We analyzed data of patients with confirmed COVID-19 from the nationwide database of the Japan COVID-19 Task Force between February 2020 and November 2021. A composite outcome was defined as the most severe condition, including noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation, high-flow nasal cannula, invasive mechanical ventilation, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, or death. Of 2425 patients in the analysis, 472 (19.5%) experienced a composite outcome. NLR was the best predictor of composite outcomes, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.81, and a sensitivity and specificity of 72.3% and 75.7%, respectively, using a cut-off value of 5.04. The combination of NLR and an oxygen requirement on admission had the highest AUC (0.88). This simple combination may help identify patients at risk of progression to severe disease.

Category: Health

Category: Serology

Category: Social Science & Humanities

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37121116

DOI 10.1016/j.resinv.2023.03.007

Crossref 10.1016/j.resinv.2023.03.007

pmc: PMC10113601
pii: S2212-5345(23)00037-0

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