Setting an Agenda: Results of a Consensus Process on Research Directions in Distance Simulation.

Gross IT, Clapper TC, Ramachandra G, Thomas A, Ades A, Walsh B, Kreuzer F, Elkin R, Wagner M, Whitfill T, Chang TP, Duff JP, Deutsch ES, Loellgen RM, Palaganas JC, Fayyaz J, Kessler D, Calhoun AW

Simul Healthc 18 (2) 100-107 [2023-04-01; online 2022-04-05]

The COVID-19 pandemic forced rapid implementation and refinement of distance simulation methodologies in which participants and/or facilitators are not physically colocated. A review of the distance simulation literature showed that heterogeneity in many areas (including nomenclature, methodology, and outcomes) limited the ability to identify best practice. In April 2020, the Healthcare Distance Simulation Collaboration was formed with the goal of addressing these issues. The aim of this study was to identify future research priorities in the field of distance simulation using data derived from this summit. This study analyzed textual data gathered during the consensus process conducted at the inaugural Healthcare Distance Simulation Summit to explore participant perceptions of the most pressing research questions regarding distance simulation. Participants discussed education and patient safety standards, simulation facilitators and barriers, and research priorities. Data were qualitatively analyzed using an explicitly constructivist thematic analysis approach, resulting in the creation of a theoretical framework. Our sample included 302 participants who represented 29 countries. We identified 42 codes clustered within 4 themes concerning key areas in which further research into distance simulation is needed: (1) safety and acceptability, (2) educational/foundational considerations, (3) impact, and (4) areas of ongoing exploration. Within each theme, pertinent research questions were identified and categorized. Distance simulation presents several challenges and opportunities. Research around best practices, including educational foundation and psychological safety, are especially important as is the need to determine outcomes and long-term effects of this emerging field.

Type: Review

PubMed 36989108

DOI 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000663

Crossref 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000663

pii: 01266021-202304000-00004

Publications 9.5.0