Implementation of a broad public health approach to COVID-19 in Sweden, January 2020 to May 2022.

Tegnell A, Bessö A, Björkholm B, Byfors S, Carlson J, Tegmark Wisell K

Euro Surveill 28 (41) - [2023-10-00; online 2023-10-12]

In 2020, the world had to adapt to a pandemic caused by a then novel coronavirus. In addition to its direct impact on morbidity and mortality, the COVID-19 pandemic brought unprecedented control measures and challenges to both individuals and society. Sweden has been seen by many as an outlier in the management of the pandemic. It is therefore of special interest to document the actual management of the pandemic in Sweden during its first 2 years and how public health was affected. In the authors opinion, within the Swedish context, it has been possible to achieve a similar level of effect on mortality and morbidity through recommendations as was achieved through stringent legal measures in comparable countries. This is supported by comparisons of excess mortality that have been published. Furthermore, we see in the available data that the consequences on mental health and living habits were very limited for the majority of the population. Trust in public institutions is high in Sweden, which has been important and is part of the context that made it possible to manage a pandemic with relatively 'soft' measures. We acknowledge challenges in protecting certain vulnerable groups, particularly during the first and second wave.

Category: Public Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37824250

DOI 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2023.28.41.2300063

Crossref 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2023.28.41.2300063

pmc: PMC10571492

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