A comparative study of governmental financial support and resilience of self-employed people in Sweden and Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Hansson J, MacEachen E, Landstad BJ, Vinberg S, Tjulin Å

Int J Circumpolar Health 83 (1) 2298015 [2024-01-00; online 2023-12-29]

Globally, self-employed people were among the hardest hit by the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic and faced hardships such as financial decline, restrictions, and business closures. A plethora of financial support measures were rolled out worldwide to support them, but there is a lack of research looking at the effect of the policy measures on self-employed people. To understand how different governmental financial support measures enhanced the resilience of the self-employed and improved their ability to manage the pandemic, we conducted a mixed-method study using policy analysis and semi-structured interviews. The documents described policies addressing governmental financial support in Sweden and Canada during the pandemic, and the interviews were conducted with Swedish and Canadian self-employed people to explore how they experienced the support measures in relation to their resilience. The key results were that self-employed people in both countries who were unable to telework were less resilient during the pandemic due to financial problems, restrictions, and lockdowns. The interviews revealed that many self-employed people in hard-hit industries were dissatisfied with the support measures and found them to be unfairly distributed. In addition, the self-employed people experiencing difficulties running their businesses reported reduced well-being, negatively affecting their business survival.

Category: Social Science & Humanities

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38157432

DOI 10.1080/22423982.2023.2298015

Crossref 10.1080/22423982.2023.2298015

pmc: PMC10763823

Publications 9.5.0