Impact of the pandemic and concomitant COVID-19 on the management and outcomes of middle cerebral artery strokes: a nationwide registry-based study.

Ghaith AK, El-Hajj VG, Atallah E, Rios Zermeno J, Ravindran K, Gharios M, Hoang H, Bydon M, Ohlsson M, Elmi-Terander A, Tawk RG, Jabbour P

BMJ Open 14 (2) e080738 [2024-02-27; online 2024-02-27]

To investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as concomitant COVID-19 itself on stroke care, focusing on middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory infarctions. Registry-based study. We used the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, which covers a wide range of hospitals within the USA. The NIS was queried for patients with MCA strokes between 2016 and 2020. In total, 35 231 patients were included. Outcome measures were postprocedural complications, length of stays (LOSs), in-hospital mortality and non-routine discharge. Propensity score matching using all available baseline variables was performed to reduce confounders when comparing patients with and without concomitant COVID-19. Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) was performed in 48.4%, intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in 38.2%, and both MT and IVT (MT+IVT) in 13.4% of patients. A gradual increase in the use of MT and an opposite decrease in the use of IVT (p<0.001) was detected during the study period. Overall, 25.0% of all patients were admitted for MCA strokes during the pandemic period (2020), of these 209 (2.4%) were concomitantly diagnosed with COVID-19. Patients with MCA strokes and concomitant COVID-19 were significantly younger (64.9 vs 70.0; p<0.001), had significantly worse NIH Stroke Severity scores, and worse outcomes in terms of LOS (12.3 vs 8.2; p<0.001), in-hospital mortality (26.3% vs 9.8%; p<0.001) and non-routine discharge (84.2% vs 76.9%; p=0.013), as compared with those without COVID-19. After matching, only in-hospital mortality rates remained significantly higher in patients with COVID-19 (26.7% vs 8.5%; p<0.001). Additionally, patients with COVID-19 had higher rates of thromboembolic (12.3% vs 7.6%; p=0.035) and respiratory (11.3% vs 6.6%; p=0.029) complications. Among patients with MCA stroke, those with concomitant COVID-19 were significantly younger and had higher stroke severity scores. They were more likely to experience thromboembolic and respiratory complications and in-hospital mortality compared with matched controls.

Category: Health

Topics: Register-based research

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38417967

DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-080738

Crossref 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-080738

pmc: PMC10900352
pii: bmjopen-2023-080738

Publications 9.5.0