COVID-19 hospitalization outcomes in adults by HIV status; a nation-wide register-based study.

Möller IK, Gisslén M, Wagner P, Sparén P, Carlander C

HIV Med - (-) - [2023-06-07; online 2023-06-07]

To assess the outcome of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 by HIV status and risk factors for severe COVID-19 in people living with HIV (PWH), we performed a nationwide cohort study using register data. All people aged ≥18 years hospitalized with a primary COVID-19 diagnosis (U07.1 or U07.2) in Sweden between February 2020 and October 2021 were included. The primary outcome was severe COVID-19 [intensive care unit (ICU) admission or 90-day mortality]. Secondary outcomes were days in hospital and ICU, complications in hospital, and risk factors for severe COVID-19 in PWH. Regression analyses were performed to assess severe COVID-19 by HIV status and risk factors. Data from 64 815 hospitalized patients were collected, of whom 121 were PWH (0.18%). PWH were younger (p < 0.001), and larger proportions were men (p = 0.014) and migrants (p < 0.001). Almost all PWH had undetectable HIV-RNA (93%) and high CD4 T-cell counts (median = 560 cells/μL, interquartile range: 376-780). In an unadjusted model, PWH had statistically significant lower odds of severe COVID-19 compared with patients without HIV [odds ratio (OR) = 0.6, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.34-0.94], but there was no significant difference after adjusting for age and comorbidity (adjusted OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.43-1.26). A statistically significant lower proportion of PWH (8%, 95% CI: 5-15%) died within 90 days compared with those without HIV (16%, 95% CI: 15-16%, p = 0.024). There was no statistically significant difference in days in hospital and complications during the hospital stay between PWH and patients without HIV. In this nationwide study including well-treated PWH, HIV was not a risk factor in hospitalized patients for developing severe COVID-19.

Category: Health

Topics: Register-based research

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37286199

DOI 10.1111/hiv.13515

Crossref 10.1111/hiv.13515

Publications 9.5.0