Impaired health-related quality of life in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: a cross-sectional analysis from the COVAD-2 e-survey.

Yoshida A, Li Y, Maroufy V, Kuwana M, Sazliyana Shaharir S, Makol A, Sen P, Lilleker JB, Agarwal V, Kadam E, Akawatcharangura Goo P, Day J, Milchert M, Chen Y, Dey D, Velikova T, Saha S, Edgar Gracia-Ramos A, Parodis I, Nikiphorou E, Tan AL, Nune A, Cavagna L, Toro GutiƩrrez CE, Caballero-Uribe CV, Saavedra MA, Shinjo SK, Ziade N, El Kibbi L, Knitza J, Distler O, Chinoy H, Agarwal V, Aggarwal R, Gupta L, COVAD Study Group

Rheumatol Adv Pract 8 (2) rkae028 [2024-03-04; online 2024-03-04]

To investigate health-related quality of life in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) compared with those with non-IIM autoimmune rheumatic diseases (AIRDs), non-rheumatic autoimmune diseases (nrAIDs) and without autoimmune diseases (controls) using Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) instrument data obtained from the second COVID-19 vaccination in autoimmune disease (COVAD-2) e-survey database. Demographics, diagnosis, comorbidities, disease activity, treatments and PROMIS instrument data were analysed. Primary outcomes were PROMIS Global Physical Health (GPH) and Global Mental Health (GMH) scores. Factors affecting GPH and GMH scores in IIMs were identified using multivariable regression analysis. We analysed responses from 1582 IIM, 4700 non-IIM AIRD and 545 nrAID patients and 3675 controls gathered through 23 May 2022. The median GPH scores were the lowest in IIM and non-IIM AIRD patients {13 [interquartile range (IQR) 10-15] IIMs vs 13 [11-15] non-IIM AIRDs vs 15 [13-17] nrAIDs vs 17 [15-18] controls, P < 0.001}. The median GMH scores in IIM patients were also significantly lower compared with those without autoimmune diseases [13 (IQR 10-15) IIMs vs 15 (13-17) controls, P < 0.001]. Inclusion body myositis, comorbidities, active disease and glucocorticoid use were the determinants of lower GPH scores, whereas overlap myositis, interstitial lung disease, depression, active disease, lower PROMIS Physical Function 10a and higher PROMIS Fatigue 4a scores were associated with lower GMH scores in IIM patients. Both physical and mental health are significantly impaired in IIM patients, particularly in those with comorbidities and increased fatigue, emphasizing the importance of patient-reported experiences and optimized multidisciplinary care to enhance well-being in people with IIMs.

Category: Health

Category: Social Science & Humanities

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38524696

DOI 10.1093/rap/rkae028

Crossref 10.1093/rap/rkae028

pmc: PMC10960935
pii: rkae028

Publications 9.5.0