Is There a Link between COVID-19 and Periodontal Disease? A Narrative Review.

Grigoriadis A, Räisänen IT, Pärnänen P, Tervahartiala T, Sorsa T, Sakellari D

Eur J Dent - (-) - [2022-01-06; online 2022-01-06]

The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic greatly affected human well-being, social behavior, global economy, and healthcare systems. Everyday clinical practice in dentistry has been adjusted to the increased hazards of aerosol production by routine dental procedures. The objective of this study was to assess the existing literature to determine possible mechanisms of a relationship between COVID-19 and periodontitis, as well as describe findings from relevant epidemiological studies.Scarce data exist in the literature that directly addresses the relationship between the two diseases. However, several data describe the role of the oral cavity and periodontal tissues as portals of entry of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the contribution of cytokines known to be produced in periodontal disease to severe forms of COVID-19. It is also suggested from the current literature that periodontal disease, shown to be associated with systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, shares common risk factors with-especially-severe forms of COVID-19.Further clinical studies are required to establish the relationship between these diseases. Oral hygiene performance and intact periodontal tissues can assist in mitigating the pandemic, and it is suggested that dental practitioners can contribute to identifying at-risk patients.

Type: Review

PubMed 34991165

DOI 10.1055/s-0041-1740223

Crossref 10.1055/s-0041-1740223

Publications 9.5.0