European Society of Breast Imaging (EUSOBI) guidelines on the management of axillary lymphadenopathy after COVID-19 vaccination: 2023 revision.

Schiaffino S, Pinker K, Cozzi A, Magni V, Athanasiou A, Baltzer PAT, Camps Herrero J, Clauser P, Fallenberg EM, Forrai G, Fuchsjäger MH, Gilbert FJ, Helbich T, Kilburn-Toppin F, Kuhl CK, Lesaru M, Mann RM, Panizza P, Pediconi F, Sardanelli F, Sella T, Thomassin-Naggara I, Zackrisson S, Pijnappel RM

Insights Imaging 14 (1) 126 [2023-07-19; online 2023-07-19]

Axillary lymphadenopathy is a common side effect of COVID-19 vaccination, leading to increased imaging-detected asymptomatic and symptomatic unilateral axillary lymphadenopathy. This has threatened to negatively impact the workflow of breast imaging services, leading to the release of ten recommendations by the European Society of Breast Imaging (EUSOBI) in August 2021. Considering the rapidly changing scenario and data scarcity, these initial recommendations kept a highly conservative approach. As of 2023, according to newly acquired evidence, EUSOBI proposes the following updates, in order to reduce unnecessary examinations and avoid delaying necessary examinations. First, recommendation n. 3 has been revised to state that breast examinations should not be delayed or rescheduled because of COVID-19 vaccination, as evidence from the first pandemic waves highlights how delayed or missed screening tests have a negative effect on breast cancer morbidity and mortality, and that there is a near-zero risk of subsequent malignant findings in asymptomatic patients who have unilateral lymphadenopathy and no suspicious breast findings. Second, recommendation n. 7 has been revised to simplify follow-up strategies: in patients without breast cancer history and no imaging findings suspicious for cancer, symptomatic and asymptomatic imaging-detected unilateral lymphadenopathy on the same side of recent COVID-19 vaccination (within 12 weeks) should be classified as a benign finding (BI-RADS 2) and no further work-up should be pursued. All other recommendations issued by EUSOBI in 2021 remain valid.

Category: Imaging

Category: Vaccines

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37466753

DOI 10.1186/s13244-023-01453-2

Crossref 10.1186/s13244-023-01453-2

pmc: PMC10356714
pii: 10.1186/s13244-023-01453-2

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