Lo B, Barreiro-de Acosta M, Bernstein CN, Burisch J, Ferreira N, Gearry RB, Mikocka-Walus A, Mokrowiecka A, Trindade IA, Knowles SR
Turk J Gastroenterol - (-) - [2022-08-09; online 2022-08-09]
Although several studies have reported the impact of fears relating to coronavirus-19 on several chronic illnesses, there are few studies focused on gastrointestinal conditions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the fear of coronavirus-19 in patients with inflammatory bowel disease to other gastrointestinal conditions and how the fear of COVID-19 manifests across different demographical backgrounds among inflammatory bowel disease respondents. Participants with gastrointestinal conditions (age ≥ 18) were recruited from 27 countries. Demographic, clinical, and psycho- social information was collected. An adapted scale for inflammatory bowel disease patients measuring the fear of coronavirus-19 and gastrointestinal-specific fear of coronavirus-19 was used. In 831 participants (312 inflammatory bowel disease), only significant increases in gastrointestinal-fear of coronavirus-19 were found in between inflammatory bowel disease and other gastrointestinal conditions (mean [standard deviation]: 13.5 [5.5] vs 10.9 [5.0], P < .01). Among inflammatory bowel disease respondents, persons on sick leave had significantly more fear of coronavirus-19 than those employed (median [IQR], 31.0 [28.5-39.5] vs 26.0 [20.0-33.0], P = .035) and significantly more gastrointestinal-fear of coro- navirus-19 compared to the employed (18.0 [14.5-22.0] vs 13.0 [9.0-17.0], P = .033) or respondents outside of the labor market (12.0 [7.0-16.0], P = .022). Persons living in a rural setting had significantly more fear of coronavirus-19 compared to persons living in regional setting (29.5 [22.0-37.8] vs 25.0 [20.0-31.3], P = .007) and gastrointestinal-fear of coronavirus-19 (15.0 [11.0-19.8] vs 12.0 [9.0-16.0], P = .02). Respondents with inflammatory bowel disease are more afraid of coronavirus-19 regarding their disease; especially, per- sons on sick leave or persons living in a rural setting. This should be taken into consideration to personalize the support that health care providers can offer in mitigating fear related to coronavirus-19.