COVID-19 Vaccination in Patients with Inborn Errors of Immunity Reduces Hospitalization and Critical Care Needs Related to COVID-19: a USIDNET Report.

McDonnell J, Cousins K, Younger MEM, Lane A, Abolhassani H, Abraham RS, Al-Tamemi S, Aldave-Becerra JC, Al-Faris EH, Alfaro-Murillo A, AlKhater SA, Alsaati N, Doss AMA, Anderson M, Angarola E, Ariue B, Arnold DE, Assa'ad AH, Aytekin C, Bank M, Bergerson JRE, Bleesing J, Boesing J, Bouso C, Brodszki N, Cabanillas D, Cady C, Callahan MA, Caorsi R, Carbone J, Carrabba M, Castagnoli R, Catanzaro JR, Chan S, Chandra S, Chapdelaine H, Chavoshzadeh Z, Chong HJ, Connors L, Consonni F, Correa-Jimenez O, Cunningham-Rundles C, D'Astous-Gauthier K, Delmonte OM, Demirdag YY, Deshpande DR, Diaz-Cabrera NM, Dimitriades VR, El-Owaidy R, ElGhazali G, Al-Hammadi S, Fabio G, Faure AS, Feng J, Fernandez JM, Fill L, Franco GR, Frenck RW, Fuleihan RL, Giardino G, Galant-Swafford J, Gambineri E, Garabedian EK, Geerlinks AV, Goudouris E, Grecco O, Pan-Hammarström Q, Khani HHK, Hammarström L, Hartog NL, Heimall J, Hernandez-Molina G, Horner CC, Hostoffer RW, Hristova N, Hsiao K, Ivankovich-Escoto G, Jaber F, Jalil M, Jamee M, Jean T, Jeong S, Jhaveri D, Jordan MB, Joshi AY, Kalkat A, Kanarek HJ, Kellner ES, Khojah A, Khoury R, Kokron CM, Kumar A, Lecerf K, Lehman HK, Leiding JW, Lesmana H, Lim XR, Lopes JP, López AL, Tarquini L, Lundgren IS, Magnusson J, Marinho AKBB, Marseglia GL, Martone GM, Mechtler AG, Mendonca L, Milner JD, Mustillo PJ, Naderi AG, Naviglio S, Nell J, Niebur HB, Notarangelo L, Oleastro M, Ortega-López MC, Patel NR, Petrovic G, Pignata C, Porras O, Prince BT, Puck JM, Qamar N, Rabusin M, Raje N, Regairaz L, Risma KA, Ristagno EH, Routes J, Roxo-Junior P, Salemi N, Scalchunes C, Schuval SJ, Seneviratne SL, Shankar A, Sherkat R, Shin JJ, Siddiqi A, Signa S, Sobh A, Lima FMS, Stenehjem KK, Tam JS, Tang M, Barros MT, Verbsky J, Vergadi E, Voelker DH, Volpi S, Wall LA, Wang C, Williams KW, Wu EY, Wu SS, Zhou JJ, Cook A, Sullivan KE, Marsh R

J Clin Immunol 44 (4) 86 [2024-04-05; online 2024-04-05]

The CDC and ACIP recommend COVID-19 vaccination for patients with inborn errors of immunity (IEI). Not much is known about vaccine safety in IEI, and whether vaccination attenuates infection severity in IEI. To estimate COVID-19 vaccination safety and examine effect on outcomes in patients with IEI. We built a secure registry database in conjunction with the US Immunodeficiency Network to examine vaccination frequency and indicators of safety and effectiveness in IEI patients. The registry opened on January 1, 2022, and closed on August 19, 2022. Physicians entered data on 1245 patients from 24 countries. The most common diagnoses were antibody deficiencies (63.7%). At least one COVID-19 vaccine was administered to 806 patients (64.7%), and 216 patients received vaccination prior to the development of COVID-19. The most common vaccines administered were mRNA-based (84.0%). Seventeen patients were reported to seek outpatient clinic or emergency room care for a vaccine-related complication, and one patient was hospitalized for symptomatic anemia. Eight hundred twenty-three patients (66.1%) experienced COVID-19 infection. Of these, 156 patients required hospitalization (19.0%), 47 required ICU care (5.7%), and 28 died (3.4%). Rates of hospitalization (9.3% versus 24.4%, p < 0.001), ICU admission (2.8% versus 7.6%, p = 0.013), and death (2.3% versus 4.3%, p = 0.202) in patients who had COVID-19 were lower in patients who received vaccination prior to infection. In adjusted logistic regression analysis, not having at least one COVID-19 vaccine significantly increased the odds of hospitalization and ICU admission. Vaccination for COVID-19 in the IEI population appears safe and attenuates COVID-19 severity.

Category: Vaccines

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38578389

DOI 10.1007/s10875-023-01613-5

Crossref 10.1007/s10875-023-01613-5

pmc: PMC10997719
pii: 10.1007/s10875-023-01613-5

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