Acta Anaesthesiol Scand - (-) - [2021-12-07; online 2021-12-07]
Critically ill COVID-19 patients have a high reported incidence of thromboembolic complications and the optimal dose of thromboprophylaxis is not yet determined. The aim of this study was to investigate if 90-day mortality differed between patients treated with intermediate or high dose thromboprophylaxis. In this retrospective study, all critically ill COVID-19 patients admitted to intensive care from March 6 until July 15, 2020, were eligible. Patients were categorized into groups according to daily dose of thromboprophylaxis. Dosing was based on local standardized recommendations, not on degree of critical illness or risk of thrombosis. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate hazard ratios of death within 90 days from ICU admission. Multivariable models were adjusted for sex, age, body-mass index, Simplified Acute Physiology Score III, invasive respiratory support, glucocorticoids, and dosing strategy of thromboprophylaxis. A total of 165 patients were included; 92 intermediate and 73 high dose thromboprophylaxis. Baseline characteristics did not differ between groups. The 90-day mortality was 19.6% in patients with intermediate dose and 19.2% in patients with high dose thromboprophylaxis. Multivariable hazard ratio of death within 90 days was 0.74 (95% CI, 0.36-1.53) for the high dose group compared to intermediate dose group. Multivariable hazard ratio for thromboembolic events and bleedings within 28 days were 0.93 (95% CI 0.37-2.29) and 0.84 (95% CI 0.28-2.54) for high versus intermediate dose, respectively. A difference in 90-day mortality between intermediate and high dose thromboprophylaxis could neither be confirmed nor rejected due to a small sample size.