J Clin Med 10 (19) - [2021-09-26; online 2021-09-26]
Individuals with severe mental disorders (SMDs) such as psychotic disorders, bipolar disorders, and single manic episodes have increased mortality associated with COVID-19 infection. We set up a population-based study to examine whether individuals with SMD also had a higher risk of hospitalization and death from other infectious conditions. Anonymized and summarized data from multiple Swedish patient registers covering the entire Swedish population were supplied by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. The frequencies of hospitalizations and deaths associated with influenza/pneumonia and sepsis in individuals with SMD were compared with the rest of the population during 2018-2019. Possible contributing comorbidities were also examined, of which diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic lung disease, and hypertension were chosen. A total of 7,780,727 individuals were included in the study; 97,034 (1.2%) cases with SMD and 7,683,693 (98.8%) controls. Individuals with SMD had increased risk of death associated with influenza/pneumonia (OR = 2.06, 95% CI [1.87-2.27]) and sepsis (OR = 1.61, 95% CI [1.38-1.89]). They also had an increased risk of hospitalization associated with influenza/pneumonia (OR = 2.12, 95% CI [2.03-2.20]) and sepsis (OR = 1.89, 95% CI [1.75-2.03]). Our results identify a need for further evaluation of whether these individuals should be included in prioritized risk groups for vaccination against infectious diseases other than COVID-19.