Sex and age differences in COVID-19 mortality in Europe&nbsp.

Ahrenfeldt LJ, Otavova M, Christensen K, Lindahl-Jacobsen R

Res Sq - (-) - [2020-08-19; online 2020-08-19]

To examine the magnitude of sex differences in survival from the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Europe across age and countries. We hypothesise that men have higher mortality than women at any given age, but that sex differences will decrease with age as only the strongest men survive to older ages. Aim: We used population data from Institut National D'Études Démographiques on cumulative deaths due to COVID-19 from February to June 2020 in 10 European countries: Denmark, Norway, Sweden, The Netherlands, England & Wales, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Portugal. For each country, we calculated cumulative mortality rates stratified by age and sex and corresponding relative risks for men vs. women. Methods: The relative risk of dying from COVID-19 was higher for men than for women in almost all age groups in all countries. The overall relative risk ranged from 1.11 (95% CI 1.01-1.23) in Portugal to 1.54 (95% CI 1.49-1.58) in France. In most countries, sex differences increased until ages 60-69 years, but decreased thereafter with the smallest sex difference at ages 80+. Results: Despite variability in data collection and time coverage among countries, we illustrate an overall similar pattern of sex differences in COVID-19 mortality in Europe.Conclusions:

Type: Preprint

PubMed 32839767

DOI 10.21203/

Crossref 10.21203/

pmc: PMC7444295

Publications 7.1.2