SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in pregnant women: characterization of symptoms and syndromes predictive of disease and severity through real-time, remote participatory epidemiology.

Molteni E, Astley CM, Ma W, Sudre CH, Magee LA, Murray B, Fall T, Gomez MF, Tsereteli N, Franks PW, Brownstein JS, Davies R, Wolf J, Spector TD, Ourselin S, Steves CJ, Chan AT, Modat M

medRxiv - (-) - [2020-10-14; online 2020-10-14]

To test whether pregnant and non-pregnant women differ in COVID-19 symptom profile and severity. To extend previous investigations on hospitalized pregnant women to those who did not require hospitalization. Observational study prospectively collecting longitudinal (smartphone application interface) and cross-sectional (web-based survey) data. Community-based self-participatory citizen surveillance in the United Kingdom, Sweden and the United States of America. Two female community-based cohorts aged 18-44 years. The discovery cohort was drawn from 1,170,315 UK, Sweden and USA women (79 pregnant tested positive) who self-reported status and symptoms longitudinally via smartphone. The replication cohort included 1,344,966 USA women (134 pregnant tested positive) who provided cross-sectional self-reports. Pregnant and non-pregnant were compared for frequencies of symptoms and events, including SARS-CoV-2 testing and hospitalization rates. Multivariable regression was used to investigate symptoms severity and comorbidity effects. Pregnant and non-pregnant women positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection were not different in syndromic severity. Pregnant were more likely to have received testing than non-pregnant, despite reporting fewer symptoms. Pre-existing lung disease was most closely associated with the syndromic severity in pregnant hospitalized women. Heart and kidney diseases and diabetes increased risk. The most frequent symptoms among all non-hospitalized women were anosmia [63% pregnant, 92% non-pregnant] and headache [72%, 62%]. Cardiopulmonary symptoms, including persistent cough [80%] and chest pain [73%], were more frequent among pregnant women who were hospitalized. Symptom characteristics and severity were comparable among pregnant and non-pregnant women, except for gastrointestinal symptoms. Consistent with observations in non-pregnant populations, lung disease and diabetes were associated with increased risk of more severe SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy.

Category: Public Health

Type: Preprint

PubMed 32839787

DOI 10.1101/2020.08.17.20161760

Crossref 10.1101/2020.08.17.20161760

pmc: PMC7444306
pii: 2020.08.17.20161760

Publications 9.5.0