Placental pathology in a large (Swedish) cohort of SARS-CoV-2 infected mothers.

Fredriksson L, Tidholm Qvist E, Sirotkina M, Pettersson K, Papadogiannakis N

Placenta 145 (-) 100-106 [2024-01-00; online 2023-12-15]

SARS-CoV-2 placentitis is associated with placental destruction and insufficiency and can affect perinatal outcome. The aim of the current study was to contribute with increased knowledge regarding placental histology in maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection during the pregnancy, as well as the correlation to the severity of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection. This retrospective observational study included 116 women who had a verified SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy and gave birth between April 2020 and February 2022 in the Stockholm region, Sweden. Placental tissue was evaluated regarding several histopathological parameters, amongst them detection of the triad of characteristics of placental SARS-CoV-2 infection: chronic histiocytic intervillositis, fibrin deposition and villous trophoblast necrosis, and immunohistochemistry for ORF-3 protein expression was used for confirmation. Medical records were reviewed for maternal characteristics and neonatal outcome. SARS-CoV-2 placentitis was present in one-fifth of the examined placentas admitted to the institute due to maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection, out of which 86,4 % were delivered by acute caesarian section (ACS), all on fetal indication, and one pregnancy ended in stillbirth. Half of the cases without placentitis were delivered by ACS, out of which 50 % were on fetal indication. There was a clear tendency of a shorter time gap between confirmed maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection and delivery in the placentitis group. The presence of SARS-CoV-2 placentitis does not seem to correlate with maternal factors or the severity of infection. It does correlate with development of placental dysfunction of acute/subacute onset and is often manifested as reduced fetal movements.

Category: Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38118226

DOI 10.1016/j.placenta.2023.12.010

Crossref 10.1016/j.placenta.2023.12.010

pii: S0143-4004(23)00635-5

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