Effectiveness of the BNT162b2 mRNA Vaccine Compared with Hybrid Immunity in Populations Prioritized and Non-Prioritized for COVID-19 Vaccination in 2021-2022: A Naturalistic Case-Control Study in Sweden.

Spreco A, Dahlström Ö, Jöud A, Nordvall D, Fagerström C, Blomqvist E, Gustafsson F, Hinkula J, Schön T, Timpka T

Vaccines 10 (8) 1273 [2022-08-07; online 2022-08-07]

The term hybrid immunity is used to denote the immunological status of vaccinated individuals with a history of natural infection. Reports of new SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern motivate continuous rethought and renewal of COVID-19 vaccination programs. We used a naturalistic case-control study design to compare the effectiveness of the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine to hybrid immunity 180 days post-vaccination in prioritized and non-prioritized populations vaccinated before 31 July 2021 in three Swedish counties (total population 1,760,000). Subjects with a positive SARS-CoV-2 test recorded within 6 months before vaccination (n = 36,247; 6%) were matched to vaccinated-only controls. In the prioritized population exposed to the SARS-CoV-2 Alpha and Delta variants post-vaccination, the odds ratio (OR) for breakthrough infection was 2.2 (95% CI, 1.6−2.8; p < 0.001) in the vaccinated-only group compared with the hybrid immunity group, while in the later vaccinated non-prioritized population, the OR decreased from 4.3 (95% CI, 2.2−8.6; p < 0.001) during circulation of the Delta variant to 1.9 (95% CI, 1.7−2.1; p < 0.001) with the introduction of the Omicron variant (B.1.617.2). We conclude that hybrid immunity provides gains in protection, but that the benefits are smaller for risk groups and with circulation of the Omicron variant and its sublineages.

Category: Biochemistry

Category: Health

Category: Vaccines

Type: Journal article

PubMed 36016162

DOI 10.3390/vaccines10081273

Crossref 10.3390/vaccines10081273

pmc: PMC9414381
pii: vaccines10081273

Publications 9.5.0