Vaccine effectiveness against COVID-19 hospitalisation in adults (≥ 20 years) during Alpha- and Delta-dominant circulation: I-MOVE-COVID-19 and VEBIS SARI VE networks, Europe, 2021.

Rose AM, Nicolay N, Sandonis Martín V, Mazagatos C, Petrović G, Niessen FA, Machado A, Launay O, Denayer S, Seyler L, Baruch J, Burgui C, Loghin II, Domegan L, Vaikutytė R, Husa P, Panagiotakopoulos G, Aouali N, Dürrwald R, Howard J, Pozo F, Sastre-Palou B, Nonković D, Knol MJ, Kislaya I, Luong Nguyen LB, Bossuyt N, Demuyser T, Džiugytė A, Martínez-Baz I, Popescu C, Duffy R, Kuliešė M, Součková L, Michelaki S, Simon M, Reiche J, Otero-Barrós MT, Lovrić Makarić Z, Bruijning-Verhagen PC, Gomez V, Lesieur Z, Barbezange C, Van Nedervelde E, Borg M, Castilla J, Lazar M, O'Donnell J, Jonikaitė I, Demlová R, Amerali M, Wirtz G, Tolksdorf K, Valenciano M, Bacci S, Kissling E, I-MOVE-COVID-19 hospital study team , VEBIS hospital study team , Members of the I-MOVE-COVID-19 and VEBIS hospital study teams (in addition to the named authors)

Euro Surveill 28 (47) - [2023-11-00; online 2023-11-24]

IntroductionTwo large multicentre European hospital networks have estimated vaccine effectiveness (VE) against COVID-19 since 2021.AimWe aimed to measure VE against PCR-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 in hospitalised severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) patients ≥ 20 years, combining data from these networks during Alpha (March-June)- and Delta (June-December)-dominant periods, 2021.MethodsForty-six participating hospitals across 14 countries follow a similar generic protocol using the test-negative case-control design. We defined complete primary series vaccination (PSV) as two doses of a two-dose or one of a single-dose vaccine ≥ 14 days before onset.ResultsWe included 1,087 cases (538 controls) and 1,669 cases (1,442 controls) in the Alpha- and Delta-dominant periods, respectively. During the Alpha period, VE against hospitalisation with SARS-CoV2 for complete Comirnaty PSV was 85% (95% CI: 69-92) overall and 75% (95% CI: 42-90) in those aged ≥ 80 years. During the Delta period, among SARI patients ≥ 20 years with symptom onset ≥ 150 days from last PSV dose, VE for complete Comirnaty PSV was 54% (95% CI: 18-74). Among those receiving Comirnaty PSV and mRNA booster (any product) ≥ 150 days after last PSV dose, VE was 91% (95% CI: 57-98). In time-since-vaccination analysis, complete all-product PSV VE was > 90% in those with their last dose < 90 days before onset; ≥ 70% in those 90-179 days before onset.ConclusionsOur results from this EU multi-country hospital setting showed that VE for complete PSV alone was higher in the Alpha- than the Delta-dominant period, and addition of a first booster dose during the latter period increased VE to over 90%.

Category: Public Health

Category: Vaccines

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37997666

DOI 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2023.28.47.2300186

Crossref 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2023.28.47.2300186

pmc: PMC10668259

Publications 9.5.0