Association of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection at the time of admission for delivery with labor process and outcomes of vaginal birth: A cohort study.

Chen A, Acharya G, Hu M, Gao X, Cheng G, Jiang L, Ni Q

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand - (-) - [2023-11-05; online 2023-11-05]

This study aimed to investigate the impact of maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection at the time of admission for delivery on labor process and outcomes of vaginal birth. A cohort study was carried out at the Obstetrics Department of Anhui Provincial Hospital, China, where universal reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing for SARS-CoV-2 infection was introduced for all women admitted for labor and delivery from December 1-31, 2022. Women were divided into positive and negative groups based on the test result. All women having a singleton vaginal birth were included in final analysis. The effect of SARS-CoV-2 positivity on labor process and outcomes of vaginal birth was estimated by regression analyses. Among a total of 360 women included, 87 had a positive SARS-CoV-2 test and 273 a negative test. Women in the positive group had an increased likelihood of having longer labor (median 9.3 vs 8.3 hours; sB [log-transformed] 0.19; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09-0.28), episiotomy (39.1% vs 23.8%; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.31; 95% CI 1.27-4.21), grade III meconium-stained amniotic fluid (19.5% vs 7.0%; aOR 2.52; 95% CI 1.15-5.54) and postpartum hospital stay exceeding 37 hours (58.6% vs 46.5%; aOR 1.71; 95% CI 1.00-2.91). They had reduced rates exclusive breastfeeding (26.7% vs 39%; aOR 0.21; 95% CI 0.09-0.46) as well as mixed feeding (46.5% vs 52.2%; aOR 0.28; 95% CI 0.13-0.60) at 1 week postpartum. No significant differences were observed in other aspects of labor process and birth outcomes, including the uptake of labor analgesia, postpartum hemorrhage (>500 mL) or neonatal outcomes. A positive maternal SARS-CoV-2 test in labor among women having vaginal birth was associated with a slightly longer duration of labor, increased likelihood of episiotomy, increased incidence of grade III meconium-stained amniotic fluid, a longer postpartum hospital stay and a lower rate of breastfeeding 1 week postpartum. However, it did not have an adverse impact on other birth outcomes.

Category: Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37926941

DOI 10.1111/aogs.14704

Crossref 10.1111/aogs.14704

Publications 9.5.0