Hagman K, Hedenstierna M, Rudling J, Gille-Johnson P, Hammas B, Grabbe M, Jakobsson J, Dillner J, Ursing J
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 102 (3) 115595 [2021-11-17; online 2021-11-17]
SARS-CoV-2 viremia at admission is associated with high risk for mortality. However, longitudinal data on viremia duration are limited. Viremic patients hospitalized for COVID-19 were included in a cohort. Time to serum viral clearance and the effect of viremia duration on the odds of mortality were calculated. One hundred and twenty-one viremic patients were included. Median age was 62 (IQR 52-71) years and 68% were males. The total in-hospital mortality of the cohort was 33%. Median time from admission to serum viral clearance was 7 (95% CI 6-8) days. Duration of viremia showed a relative risk ratio of 1.40 (95% CI 1.02-1.92) for the odds of mortality in an adjusted multinomial logistic regression. Serum viral clearance coincided with defervescence and decreasing C-reactive protein. Median time to serum viral clearance was 7 days after admission. The odds of mortality increased with 40% for each additional day of viremia.