Extracellular vesicles in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid in patients with COVID-19 and neurological symptoms.

Taxiarchis A, Bellander BM, Antovic J, Soutari N, Virhammar J, Kumlien E, Karakoyun C, Rostami E, Antovic A

Int J Lab Hematol - (-) - [2023-10-05; online 2023-10-05]

Increased levels of extracellular vesicles (EVs) are associated with haemostatic disturbances in various clinical settings. However, their role in COVID-19 patients is still not fully clear. In the present study we investigated EVs in plasma from patients with COVID-19 and neurological symptoms in relation to the activation of coagulation. Nineteen COVID-19 patients with neurological symptoms and twenty-three aged-matched healthy individuals were included. Global coagulation assays were performed and levels of EVs were determined by flow-cytometry in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). A procoagulant state characterized by significantly increased overall coagulation- (OCP) and overall haemostatic potential (OHP), diminished overall fibrinolytic potential (OFP) together with a denser fibrin structure was found in patients with COVID-19. Flow cytometry revealed elevated levels of plasma circulating EVs derived from neutrophils (MPO+) and platelets (CD61+), as well as EVs expressing phosphatidylserine (PS+) and complement component C5b-9 (TCC+) in patients with COVID-19 compared with controls. The concentrations of PS+, CD61+ and TCC+ EVs were positively correlated with OCP and OHP in COVID-19 patients. Moreover, we identified CD61+, MPO+ and endothelial cell-derived EVs, as well as EVs exposing PS and TCC in the CSF of patients suffering from neurological symptoms during COVID-19. The unique finding in this study was the presence of EVs in the CSF of COVID-19 patients with neurologic manifestations as well as higher expression of complement protein on circulating plasma EVs. EVs may indicate blood-brain barrier damage during SARS-COV-2 infection.

Category: Biochemistry

Category: Health

Funder: KAW/SciLifeLab

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37795549

DOI 10.1111/ijlh.14182

Crossref 10.1111/ijlh.14182

Publications 9.5.0