Conditions and strategies to meet the challenges imposed by the COVID-19-related visiting restrictions in the intensive care unit: A Scandinavian cross-sectional study.

Jensen HI, Åkerman E, Lind R, Alfheim HB, Frivold G, Fridh I, Ågård AS

Intensive Crit Care Nurs - (-) 103116 [2021-07-26; online 2021-07-26]

To examine conditions and strategies to meet the challenges imposed by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related visiting restrictions in Scandinavian intensive care units. A cross-sectional survey. Adult intensive care units in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Likert scale responses and free-text comments within six areas: capacity and staffing, visiting policies and access to the unit, information and conferences with relatives, written information, children as relatives and follow-up initiatives. The overall response rate was 53% (74/140 participating units). All intensive care units had planned for capacity extensions; the majority ranging between 11 and 30 extra beds. From March-June 2020, units had a mean maximum of 9.4 COVID-19 patients simultaneously. Allowing restricted visiting was more common in Denmark (52%) and Norway (61%) than in Sweden where visiting was mostly denied except for dying patients (68%), due to a particular increased number of COVID-19 patients. The restrictions forced nurses to compromise on their usual standards of family care. Numerous models for maintaining contact between relatives and patients were described. Visitation restrictions compromised the quality of family care and entailed dilemmas for healthcare professionals but also spurred initiatives to developing new ways of providing family care.

Category: Public Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 34391628

DOI 10.1016/j.iccn.2021.103116

Crossref 10.1016/j.iccn.2021.103116

pii: S0964-3397(21)00105-1

Publications 9.5.0