High prevalence of persistent symptoms and reduced health-related quality of life 6 months after COVID-19.

Ahmad I, Edin A, Granvik C, Kumm Persson L, Tevell S, MÃ¥nsson E, Magnuson A, Marklund I, Persson IL, Kauppi A, Ahlm C, Forsell MNE, Sundh J, Lange A, Cajander S, Normark J

Front Public Health 11 (-) 1104267 [2023-02-02; online 2023-02-02]

The long-term sequelae after COVID-19 constitute a challenge to public health and increased knowledge is needed. We investigated the prevalence of self-reported persistent symptoms and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in relation to functional exercise capacity, 6 months after infection, and explored risk factors for COVID-19 sequalae. This was a prospective, multicenter, cohort study including 434 patients. At 6 months, physical exercise capacity was assessed by a 1-minute sit-to-stand test (1MSTST) and persistent symptoms were reported and HRQoL was evaluated through the EuroQol 5-level 5-dimension (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire. Patients with both persistent symptoms and reduced HRQoL were classified into a new definition of post-acute COVID syndrome, PACS+. Risk factors for developing persistent symptoms, reduced HRQoL and PACS+ were identified by multivariable Poisson regression. Persistent symptoms were experienced by 79% of hospitalized, and 59% of non-hospitalized patients at 6 months. Hospitalized patients had a higher prevalence of self-assessed reduced overall health (28 vs. 12%) and PACS+ (31 vs. 11%). PACS+ was associated with reduced exercise capacity but not with abnormal pulse/desaturation during 1MSTST. Hospitalization was the most important independent risk factor for developing persistent symptoms, reduced overall health and PACS+. Persistent symptoms and reduced HRQoL are common among COVID-19 survivors, but abnormal pulse and peripheral saturation during exercise could not distinguish patients with PACS+. Patients with severe infection requiring hospitalization were more likely to develop PACS+, hence these patients should be prioritized for clinical follow-up after COVID-19.

Category: Biochemistry

Category: Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 36817925

DOI 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1104267

Crossref 10.3389/fpubh.2023.1104267

pmc: PMC9932930

Publications 8.1.1