Duarte R, Aguiar A, Pinto M, Furtado I, Tiberi S, Lönnroth K, Migliori GB
Pulmonology - (-) - [2021-02-19; online 2021-02-19]
Infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis (TB) and the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) relate to environmental factors, understanding of which is essential to inform policy and practice and tackle them effectively. The review follows the conceptual framework offered by the World Health Organization Commission on Social Determinants of Health (defined as "all those material, psychological and behavioural circumstances linked to health and generically indicated as risk factors' in the conventional epidemiological language"). It describes the social factors behind TB and COVID-19, the commonalities between the two diseases, and what can be learned so far from the published best practices. The social determinants sustaining TB and COVID-19 underline the importance of prioritising health and allocating adequate financial and human resources to achieve universal health coverage and health-related social protection while addressing the needs of vulnerable populations. Rapid and effective measures against poverty and other major social determinants and sources of inequality are urgently needed to develop better health in the post-COVID-19 world.