Socioeconomic patterns and COVID-19 outcomes before, during and after the lockdown in Italy (2020).

Mateo-Urdiales A, Fabiani M, Rosano A, Vescio MF, Del Manso M, Bella A, Riccardo F, Pezzotti P, Regidor E, Andrianou X

Health Place 71 (-) 102642 [2021-09-00; online 2021-07-29]

The objective was to investigate the association between deprivation and COVID-19 outcomes in Italy during pre-lockdown, lockdown and post-lockdown periods using a retrospective cohort study with 38,534,169 citizens and 222,875 COVID-19 cases. Multilevel negative binomial regression models, adjusting for age, sex, population-density and region of residence were conducted to evaluate the association between area-level deprivation and COVID-19 incidence, case-hospitalisation rate and case-fatality. During lockdown and post-lockdown, but not during pre-lockdown, higher incidence of cases was observed in the most deprived municipalities compared with the least deprived ones. No differences in case-hospitalisation and case-fatality according to deprivation were observed in any period under study.

Category: Public Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 34339938

DOI 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102642

Crossref 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102642

pii: S1353-8292(21)00138-6
pmc: PMC8318679

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