COVID-19: Symptoms in Dying Residents of Nursing Homes and in Those Admitted to Hospitals.

Strang P, Martinsson L, Bergström J, Lundström S

J Palliat Med 24 (7) 1067-1071 [2021-07-00; online 2021-03-05]

To compare symptom prevalence and relief in residents who died in nursing homes with residents who were acutely referred to hospitals. Objective: Data on symptoms during the last week of life from the Swedish Register of Palliative Care (SRPC). Design: Nursing homes (Setting and Subjects:n = 1903 deaths) and hospitals in Sweden (n = 202 nursing home residents who were admitted to hospital before death). Data were retrieved on August 24, 2020. Residents who died in hospitals had more breakthrough symptoms of breathlessness (60% vs. 31%, Results:p < 0.0001) and delirium (41% vs. 25%, p < 0.0001) than those who died in nursing homes. When symptoms were present, complete symptom relief was seen less often in hospitals compared with nursing homes (breathlessness, 28% vs. 47%, p < 0.001; delirium, 10% vs. 35%, p < 0.0001; respiratory secretions, 30% vs. 55%, p < 0.0001). Despite access to oxygen and pharmacologic/nonpharmacologic therapies in hospitals, symptom relief in dying nursing home residents acutely admitted to hospitals was lower compared with those who died in nursing homes, possibly because of differences in patient characteristics.Conclusion:

Category: Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 33667124

DOI 10.1089/jpm.2020.0688

Crossref 10.1089/jpm.2020.0688

Publications 9.5.0