Pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis after COVID-19: long-term risk in a population-based cohort study.

Sjoland H, Lindgren M, Toska T, Hansson P, Sandblad KG, Alex C, Bjorck L, Cronie O, Bjork J, Lundberg CE, Adiels M, Rosengren A

Res Pract Thromb Haemost 7 (5) 100284 [2023-06-21; online 2023-06-21]

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) (pulmonary embolism (PE) or deep venous thrombosis (DVT)) is common during acute COVID-19. Long-term excess risk has not yet been established. To study long-term VTE risk after COVID-19. Swedish citizens aged 18-84 years, hospitalized and/or testing positive for COVID-19 between January 1, 2020, and September 11, 2021 (exposed), stratified by initial hospitalization, were compared to matched (1:5) non-exposed population-derived subjects without COVID-19. Outcomes were incident VTE, PE or DVT recorded within 60, 60-<180, and ≥180 days. Cox regression was used for evaluation and a model adjusted for age, sex, comorbidities and socioeconomic markers developed to control for confounders. Among exposed patients, 48,861 were hospitalized for COVID-19 (mean age 60.6 years) and 894,121 were without hospitalization (mean age 41.4 years). Among patients hospitalized for COVID-19, fully adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) during 60-<180 days were 6.05 (95% confidence interval (CI) 4.80─7.62) for PE and 3.97 (CI 2.96─5.33) for DVT, compared to non-exposed with corresponding estimates among COVID-19 without hospitalization 1.17 (CI 1.01─1.35) and 0.99 (CI 0.86─1.15), based on 475 and 2,311 VTE events, respectively. Long-term (≥180 days) HRs in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 were 2.01 (CI 1.51─2.68) for PE and 1.46 (CI 1.05─2.01) for DVT while non-hospitalized had similar risk to non-exposed, based on 467 and 2,030 VTE events, respectively. Patients hospitalized for COVID-19 retained an elevated excess risk of VTE, mainly PE, after 180 days, while long-term risk of VTE in individuals with COVID-19 without hospitalization was similar to the non-exposed.

Category: Health

Category: Post-COVID

Funder: Hjärt-Lungfonden

Funder: VR

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37361398

DOI 10.1016/j.rpth.2023.100284

Crossref 10.1016/j.rpth.2023.100284

pmc: PMC10284449
pii: S2475-0379(23)00184-X

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