COVID-19 Recovery: Consistent Absence of Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarker Abnormalities in Patients With Neurocognitive Post-COVID Complications.

Kanberg N, Grahn A, Stentoft E, Bremell D, Yilmaz A, Studahl M, Nilsson S, Schöll M, Gostner JM, Blennow K, Zetterberg H, Padmanabhan N, Cohen R, Misaghian S, Romero D, Campbell C, Mathew A, Wang M, Sigal G, Stengelin M, Edén A, Gisslén M

The Journal of Infectious Diseases - (-) - [2023-10-24; online 2023-10-24]

To investigate evidence of residual viral infection, intrathecal immune activation, central nervous system (CNS) injury, and humoral responses in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma in patients recovering from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with or without neurocognitive post-COVID condition (PCC). Thirty-one participants (25 with neurocognitive PCC) underwent clinical examination, lumbar puncture, and venipuncture ≥3 months after COVID-19 symptom onset. Healthy volunteers were included. CSF and plasma severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleocapsid and spike antigen (N-Ag, S-Ag), and CSF biomarkers of immune activation and neuronal injury were analyzed. SARS-CoV-2 N-Ag or S-Ag were undetectable in all samples and no participant had pleocytosis. We detected no significant differences in CSF and plasma cytokine concentrations, albumin ratio, IgG index, neopterin, β2M, or in CSF biomarkers of neuronal injury and astrocytic damage. Furthermore, principal component analysis (PCA1) analysis did not indicate any significant differences between the study groups in the marker sets cytokines, neuronal markers, or anti-cytokine autoantibodies. We found no evidence of ongoing viral replication, immune activation, or CNS injury in plasma or CSF in patients with neurocognitive PCC compared with COVID-19 controls or healthy volunteers, suggesting that neurocognitive PCC is a consequence of events suffered during acute COVID-19 rather than persistent viral CNS infection or residual CNS inflammation.

Category: Health

Category: Post-COVID

Funder: KAW/SciLifeLab

Funder: VR

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37874918

DOI 10.1093/infdis/jiad395

Crossref 10.1093/infdis/jiad395

pii: 7328977

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