Immunogenicity of mRNA-1273 and BNT162b2 in Immunocompromised Patients: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Using GRADE.

Kavikondala S, Haeussler K, Wang X, Spellman A, Bausch-Jurken MT, Sharma P, Amiri M, Krivelyova A, Vats S, Nassim M, Kumar N, Van de Velde N

Infect Dis Ther - (-) - [2024-05-27; online 2024-05-27]

Immunocompromised (IC) patients mount poor immune responses to vaccination. Higher-dose coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines may offer increased immunogenicity. A pairwise meta-analysis of 98 studies reporting comparisons of mRNA-1273 (50 or 100 mcg/dose) and BNT162b2 (30 mcg/dose) in IC adults was performed. Outcomes were seroconversion, total and neutralizing antibody titers, and cellular immune responses. mRNA-1273 was associated with a significantly higher seroconversion likelihood [relative risk, 1.11 (95% CI, 1.08, 1.14); P < 0.0001; I2 = 66.8%] and higher total antibody titers [relative increase, 50.45% (95% CI, 34.63%, 66.28%); P < 0.0001; I2 = 89.5%] versus BNT162b2. mRNA-1273 elicited higher but statistically nonsignificant relative increases in neutralizing antibody titers and cellular immune responses versus BNT162b2. Higher-dose mRNA-1273 had increased immunogenicity versus BNT162b2 in IC patients.

Category: Vaccines

Type: Review

PubMed 38802704

DOI 10.1007/s40121-024-00987-2

Crossref 10.1007/s40121-024-00987-2

pii: 10.1007/s40121-024-00987-2

Publications 9.5.0