Anakinra or tocilizumab in patients admitted to hospital with severe covid-19 at high risk of deterioration (IMMCoVA): A randomized, controlled, open-label trial.

Sundén-Cullberg J, Chen P, Häbel H, Skorup P, Janols H, Rasmuson J, Niward K, Östholm Balkhed Å, Chatzidionysiou K, Asgeirsson H, Blennow O, Parke Å, Svensson A, Muvva JR, Ljunggren H, Karolinska KI/K COVID-19 Treatment Working Group , Horne A, Ådén U, Henter J, Sönnerborg A, Vesterbacka J, Nowak P, Lampa J

PLoS One 18 (12) e0295838 [2023-12-29; online 2023-12-29]

Anakinra and tocilizumab are used for severe Covid-19, but only one previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) has studied both. We performed a multi-center RCT comparing anakinra or tocilizumab versus usual care (UC) for adults at high risk of deterioration. The study was conducted June 2020 to March 2021. Eligibility required ≥ 5 liters/minute of Oxygen to maintain peripheral oxygen saturation at ≥ 93%, CRP > 70 mg/L, ferritin > 500 μg/L and at least two points where one point was awarded for lymphocytes < 1x 109/L; D-dimer ≥ 0.5 mg/L and; lactate dehydrogenase ≥ 8 microkatal/L. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1:1 to receive either a single dose of tocilizumab (8 mg/kg) or anakinra 100 mg IV QID for seven days or UC alone. The primary outcome was time to recovery. Recruitment was ended prematurely when tocilizumab became part of usual care. Out of a planned 195 patients, 77 had been randomized, 27 to UC, 28 to anakinra and 22 to tocilizumab. Median time to recovery was 15, 15 and 11 days. Rate ratio for recovery for UC vs anakinra was 0.91, 0.47 to 1.78, 95% [CI], p = 0.8 and for UC vs tocilizumab 1.13, 0.55 to 2.30; p = 0.7. There were non-significant trends favoring tocilizumab (and to limited degree anakinra) vs UC for some secondary outcomes. Safety profiles did not differ significantly. Premature closure of trial precludes firm conclusions. Anakinra or tocilizumab did not significantly shorten time to clinical recovery compared to usual care. (IMMCoVA, NCT04412291, EudraCT: 2020-00174824).

Category: Health

Funder: VR

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38157348

DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0295838

Crossref 10.1371/journal.pone.0295838

pmc: PMC10756513
pii: PONE-D-23-07456 NCT04412291

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