Progressive changes in pulmonary gas exchange during invasive respiratory support for COVID-19 associated acute respiratory failure: A retrospective study of the association with 90-day mortality.

Konsberg Y, Åneman A, Olsen F, Hessulf F, Nellgård B, Hård Af Segerstad M, Dalla K

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand - (-) - [2024-04-02; online 2024-04-02]

Ratio of arterial pressure of oxygen and fraction of inspired oxygen (P/F ratio) together with the fractional dead space (Vd/Vt) provides a global assessment of pulmonary gas exchange. The aim of this study was to assess the potential value of these variables to prognosticate 90-day survival in patients with COVID-19 associated ARDS admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for invasive ventilatory support. In this single-center observational, retrospective study, P/F ratios and Vd/Vt were assessed up to 4 weeks after ICU-admission. Measurements from the first 2 weeks were used to evaluate the predictive value of P/F ratio and Vd/Vt for 90-day mortality and reported by the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals [95%CI] by Cox proportional hazard regression. Almost 20,000 blood gases in 130 patients were analyzed. The overall 90-day mortality was 30% and using the data from the first ICU week, the HR was 0.85 [0.77-0.94] for every 10 mmHg increase in P/F ratio and 1.61 [1.20-2.16] for every 0.1 increase in Vd/Vt. In the second week, the HR for 90-day mortality was 0.82 [0.75-0.89] for every 10 mmHg increase in P/F ratio and 1.97 [1.42-2.73] for every 0.1 increase in Vd/Vt. The progressive changes in P/F ratio and Vd/Vt in the first 2 weeks of invasive ventilatory support for COVID-19 ARDS were significant predictors for 90-day mortality.

Category: Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38563250

DOI 10.1111/aas.14415

Crossref 10.1111/aas.14415

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