Yu L, Wang J, Li X, Mao L, Sui Y, Chen W, Pelechano V, Guo X, Yin X
Heliyon 7 (7) e07584 [2021-07-00; online 2021-07-15]
The recent ongoing outbreak of novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (known as COVID-19) is a severe threat to human health worldwide. By press time, more than 3.3 million people have died from COVID-19, with many countries experiencing peaks in infections and hospitalizations. The main symptoms of infection with SARS-CoV-2 include fever, chills, coughing, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, fatigue, muscle or body aches and pains. While the symptoms of the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus have many similarities to the signs and transmission routes of the novel coronavirus, e.g., fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. And a few cases of serious illness, rapid progress, can appear viral pneumonia, combined with respiratory failure, multiple organ function damage, serious people can die. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop a rapid and accurate field diagnostic method to effectively identify the two viruses and treat these early infections on time, thus helping to control the spread of the disease. Among molecular detection methods, RT-LAMP (real-time reverse transcription-loop-mediated isothermal amplification) has some advantages in pathogen detection due to its rapid, accurate and effective detection characteristics. Here, we combined the primers of the two viruses with the fluorescent probes on the RT-LAMP detection platform to detect the two viruses simultaneously. Firstly, RT-LAMP method was used respectively to detect the two viruses at different concentrations to determine the effectiveness and sensitivity of probe primers to the RNA samples. And then, the two virus samples were detected simultaneously in the same reaction tube to validate if testing for the two viruses together had an impact on the results compared to detecting alone. We verified the detection efficiency of three highly active BST variants during RT-LAMP assay. We expect that this assay can effectively and accurately distinguish COVID-19 from the pandemic (H1N1) 2009, so that these two diseases with similar symptoms can be appropriately differentiated and treated.