Tailored internet-based psychological treatment for psychological problems during the COVID-19 pandemic: A randomized controlled trial.

Aminoff V, Bobeck J, Hjort S, Sörliden E, Ludvigsson M, Berg M, Andersson G

Internet Interv 34 (-) 100662 [2023-12-00; online 2023-08-25]

The COVID-19 pandemic influence mental health in both infected and non-infected populations. In this study we examined if individually tailored internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) could be an effective treatment for psychological symptoms related to the pandemic. Following recruitment we included 76 participants who were randomized to either a treatment group (n = 37) or a waitlist control group (n = 39). The treatment group received 8 modules (out of 16 possible) during 8 weeks with weekly therapist support. We collected data on symptoms of depression, experienced quality of life, anxiety, stress, anger, insomnia, PTSD, and alcohol use before, after the treatment and at one year follow-up. Using multiple regression analysis, group condition was found to be a statistically significant predictor for a decrease, favoring the treatment group, in symptoms of depression, insomnia, and anger with small to moderate effect sizes. The improvements remained at one year follow-up. Group condition did not significantly predict changing symptoms regarding experienced quality of life, anxiety, stress, PTSD and alcohol use. Findings indicate that ICBT is an effective intervention for some psychological symptoms associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a need for further studies on mechanisms of change and on tailored ICBT for problems associated with crises like the pandemic.

Category: Public Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37671335

DOI 10.1016/j.invent.2023.100662

Crossref 10.1016/j.invent.2023.100662

pmc: PMC10475474
pii: S2214-7829(23)00062-3

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