The impact of comorbidity on the quality of life of people who recovered from COVID-19 in Bangladesh.

Khan MAS, Dalal K, Hasan M, Haque MMA, Hossian M, Rahman T, Maliha R, Mutsuddi A, Rashid MU, Hossain MA, Nabi MH, Hawlader MDH

IJID Reg 11 (-) 100351 [2024-06-00; online 2024-03-16]

COVID-19 affects the quality of life (QoL) in a reverse way after recovery, which might be multiplied by the comorbid non-communicable diseases. This study explored the relationship between comorbidities and the QoL of people who recovered from COVID-19 in Bangladesh. The cross-sectional study was conducted among 3244 participants between June 2020 and November 2020 using a pre-tested questionnaire through over-the-phone interviews. The WHOQOL-BREF was used to explore the QoL among the study participants. A multivariable linear regression model was conducted to identify the effects of the number of comorbidities on QoL scores of all four domains. Of 3244 patients who recovered from COVID-19, over one-third (39.4%) had one or more chronic diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, bronchial asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, and cancer. Around 46.85% of the participants aged above 40 years presented with one to two chronic diseases, and 16.33% had three or more chronic diseases. Among all comorbidities, the participants with cancer and chronic kidney disease were found to have relatively lower scores in all four domains than other comorbidities. The lowest QoL scores were observed in the psychological domain. Those with three or more simultaneous chronic comorbidities had the lowest QoL score in all four domains: physical, psychological, social relationship, and environmental. Persons who recovered from COVID-19 with comorbidities undergo a lower QoL. Therefore, special attention is required to these vulnerable groups to ensure their smooth recuperation.

Category: Health

Category: Post-COVID

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38634072

DOI 10.1016/j.ijregi.2024.03.006

Crossref 10.1016/j.ijregi.2024.03.006

pmc: PMC11021361
pii: S2772-7076(24)00022-5

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