Sjöström A, Markgren PO, Hansson M
Scand J Clin Lab Invest 83 (4) 251-257 [2023-07-00; online 2023-05-11]
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in COVID-19 and is diagnosed using relative serum creatinine increase. Estimated GFR (eGFR) is a more accurate measure of glomerular filtration due to compensation for age and sex. Serum Cystatin-C, less affected by non-renal factors than creatinine, may further improve renal function estimation and add prognostic information. Our aim is to investigate the importance of a calculated eGFR in relation to creatinine as well as the value of Cystatin-C in patients with severe COVID-19. This study is a retrospective cohort study investigating levels and trends of routine laboratory parameters combined with clinical data from 286 consecutive patients with severe COVID-19 from Karolinska University Hospital. AKI developed in 38% of the patients and 15% were treated with hemodialysis. Mortality in the AKI group was 42% compared to 5% in the non-AKI group. At admission, eGFR, but not creatinine, was significantly associated with AKI development, need of intubation and mortality. Moreover, discrepant results between eGFR creatinine (eGFRCR) and eGFR Cystatin-C (eGFRCYS) was common in the ICU patients compared to non-ICU patients and related to outcome. In addition, we found that daily median Cystatin-C levels during the hospital stay were correlated to neutrophil count. eGFRCR was found to be an overall better prognostic marker than creatinine regarding AKI development and prognosis in severe COVID-19. Fulfillment of Shrunken pore syndrome criteria indicated a higher mortality risk. Cystatin-C may be related to neutrophil count, which could be a clue to the discrepant eGFR results.