Genetic Predisposition to Elevated Levels of Circulating ADAM17 Is Associated with the Risk of Severe COVID-19.

Pan M, Goncalves I, Edsfeldt A, Sun J, Swärd P

Int J Mol Sci 24 (21) - [2023-11-01; online 2023-11-01]

High levels of ADAM17 activity have emerged as an important mediator in severe COVID-19. This study aims to characterize eventual causal relationships between ADAM17 and COVID-19. Using Mendelian randomization analyses, we examined the causal effects of circulating ADAM17 on COVID-19 outcomes using summary statistics from large, genome-wide association studies of ADAM17 (up to 35,559 individuals) from the Icelandic Cancer Project and deCODE genetics, as well as critically ill COVID-19 patients (cases: 13,769; controls: 1,072,442), hospitalized COVID-19 patients (cases: 32,519; controls: 2,062,805) and reported SARS-CoV-2 infections (cases: 122,616; controls: 2,475,240) from the COVID-19 Host Genetics Initiative. The Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses demonstrated that a 1 standard deviation increase in genetically determined circulating ADAM17 (extracellular domain) was associated with an increased risk of developing critical ill COVID-19 (odds ratio [OR] = 1.26, 95% confidence interval [CI]:1.03-1.55). The multivariable MR analysis suggested a direct causal role of circulating ADAM17 (extracellular domain) in the risk of developing critical COVID-19 (OR = 1.09; 95% CI:1.01-1.17) when accounting for body mass index. No causal effect for the cytoplasmic domain of ADAM17 on COVID-19 was observed. Our results suggest that an increased genetic susceptibility to elevated levels of circulating ADAM17 (extracellular domain) is associated with a higher risk of suffering from severe COVID-19, strengthening the idea that the timely selective inhibition of ADAM17 could be a potential therapeutic target worthy of investigation.

Category: Biochemistry

Category: Genomics & transcriptomics

Funder: Hjärt-Lungfonden

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37958866

DOI 10.3390/ijms242115879

Crossref 10.3390/ijms242115879

pmc: PMC10647461
pii: ijms242115879

Publications 9.5.0