Infectivity of exhaled SARS-CoV-2 aerosols is sufficient to transmit covid-19 within minutes.

Alsved M, Nyström K, Thuresson S, Nygren D, Patzi-Churqui M, Hussein T, Fraenkel CJ, Medstrand P, Löndahl J

Sci Rep 13 (1) 21245 [2023-12-01; online 2023-12-01]

Exhaled SARS-CoV-2-containing aerosols contributed significantly to the rapid and vast spread of covid-19. However, quantitative experimental data on the infectivity of such aerosols is missing. Here, we quantified emission rates of infectious viruses in exhaled aerosol from individuals within their first days after symptom onset from covid-19. Six aerosol samples from three individuals were culturable, of which five were successfully quantified using TCID50. The source strength of the three individuals was highest during singing, when they exhaled 4, 36, or 127 TCID50/s, respectively. Calculations with an indoor air transmission model showed that if an infected individual with this emission rate entered a room, a susceptible person would inhale an infectious dose within 6 to 37 min in a room with normal ventilation. Thus, our data show that exhaled aerosols from a single person can transmit covid-19 to others within minutes at normal indoor conditions.

Category: Biochemistry

Category: Health

Category: Public Health

Funder: KAW/SciLifeLab

Funder: VR

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38040798

DOI 10.1038/s41598-023-47829-8

Crossref 10.1038/s41598-023-47829-8

pmc: PMC10692216
pii: 10.1038/s41598-023-47829-8

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