Fico G, Oliva V, De Prisco M, Fortea L, Fortea A, Giménez-Palomo A, Anmella G, Hidalgo-Mazzei D, Vazquez M, Gomez-Ramiro M, Carreras B, Murru A, Radua J, Mortier P, Vilagut G, Amigo F, Ferrer M, García-Mieres H, Vieta E, Alonso J
J Affect Disord 338 (-) 384-392 [2023-10-01; online 2023-06-17]
Psychological, socio-demographics, and clinical factors play an important role in patients with COVID-19, but their relationship is complex. The network approach might be used to disentangle complex interactions in different systems. Using data from a multicentre, cross-sectional, survey among patients with COVID-19 in Spain (July-November 2020), we investigated the network structure of mental disorders symptoms, social support, and psychological resilience, and changes in network structures according to the presence of a pre-existing mental disorder or hospitalization for COVID-19. Subjects completed a survey to evaluate sociodemographic characteristics, COVID-19 infection status, resilience, social support, and symptoms of depression, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, panic attacks, and substance use disorder. 2084 patients with COVID-19 were included in the analysis. Network analysis was conducted to evaluate network and bridge centrality, and the network properties were compared between COVID-19 patients with and without a history of lifetime mental disorder, and between hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients. Generalization of our findings may be difficult since differences in network connectivity may exist in different populations or samples. Anxiety and depression showed high centrality in patients with COVID-19 and anxiety showed the highest bridge influence in the network. Resilience and social support showed a low influence on mental disorder symptoms. Global network estimations show no statistically significant changes between patients with and without pre-existing mental disorders or between hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients. Anxiety might be a key treatment target in patients with COVID-19 since its treatment might prevent other mental health adverse outcomes.