Risk of venous thromboembolism in patients with COVID-19 during 2020; a retrospective cross-sectional study in a Swedish health care system.

Wretborn J, Jörg M, Benjaminsson Nyberg P, Wilhelms DB

Sci Rep 13 (1) 5469 [2023-04-04; online 2023-04-04]

To establish the impact of COVID-19 on the pre-test probability for VTE in patients with suspected VTE. This was a retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study of patients 18 years and older undergoing diagnostic tests for VTE in an integrated healthcare system covering a population of 465,000 during the calendar year of 2020. We adjusted for risk factors such as age, sex, previous VTE, ongoing anticoagulant treatment, malignancy, Charlson score, ward care, ICU care and wave of COVID-19. In total, 303 of 5041 patients had a positive diagnosis of COVID-19 around the time of investigation. The prevalence of VTE in COVID-positive patients was 10.2% (36/354), 14.7% (473/3219) in COVID-19 negative patients, and 15.6% (399/2589) in patients without a COVID-19 test. A COVID-positive status was not associated with an increased risk for VTE (crude odds ratio 0.64, 95% CI 0.45-0.91, adjusted odds ratio 0.46, 95%CI 0.19-1.16). We found no increased VTE risk in COVID-positive patients. This indicates that COVID-19 status should not influence VTE workup.The study was pre-registered on May 26, 2020 at ClinicalTrials.gov with identifier NCT04400877.

Category: Health

Type: Journal article

PubMed 37015984

DOI 10.1038/s41598-023-32637-x

Crossref 10.1038/s41598-023-32637-x

pmc: PMC10071240
pii: 10.1038/s41598-023-32637-x
ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04400877

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