Lifestyle and behavioural changes in older adults during the Covid-19 pandemic are associated with subjective cognitive complaints.

Zsuffa JA, Katz S, Koszovacz V, Berente DB, Kamondi A, Csukly G, Mangialasche F, Rocha ASL, Kivipelto M, Horvath AA

Sci Rep 14 (1) 2502 [2024-01-30; online 2024-01-30]

Subjective cognitive complaints (SCC) is a self-reported experience of persistently impaired cognitive functions which could be the earliest red flag of neurocognitive disorders. The COVID-19 pandemic and related restriction measures changed the lifestyle and behaviour of older adults. The aim of this study was to assess the relation of these changes and SCC status in Hungary. This cross-sectional study analysed the data of 359 elderly Hungarians who filled out the WW-FINGERS-SARS-CoV2 survey. A quarter of the respondents (n:88) reported SCC in connection with the pandemic. We compared sociodemographic features, health status, lifestyle, and social life parameters between subjects with reported SCC and without. To eliminate the potential interrelation across group differences, stepwise logistic regression was applied. Participants with SCC showed the following characteristics, compared to individuals without: (1) they were older; (2) they were more likely to be women; (3) they had a higher number of chronic disorders; (4) showed more prominent impairment in physical mobility; (5) had worse sleep quality; (6) spent less time with family; and (7) used internet more frequently during the pandemic (all p's < 0.001). Logistic regression highlighted that only two parameters were related to SCC status independently, the physical mobility (ability to walk 500 m without difficulties; OR = 1.186; p < 0.001; 95%CI = 1.101, 1.270) and changes in time spent with grandchildren (OR = 1.04; p = 0.015; 95%CI = 1.008, 1.073). Our study draws attention to the importance of physical mobility and quality time with family as key factors in the cognitive well-being of elderly people.

Category: Health

Category: Social Science & Humanities

Type: Journal article

PubMed 38291110

DOI 10.1038/s41598-024-52856-0

Crossref 10.1038/s41598-024-52856-0

pmc: PMC10827799
pii: 10.1038/s41598-024-52856-0

Publications 9.5.0